In recent years, the number of mosquitoes has increased in Germany, causing discomfort among the population. Scientific studies substantiate this increase and hold various factors responsible for it.
According to a study by the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, the mild winters in recent years have contributed to mosquito populations in Germany and other European countries developing faster and growing larger. In particular, the mosquito Aedes albopictus, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, has spread rapidly in recent years and has now also become native to Germany. This mosquito species is known to bite both during the day and at night, which can facilitate the transmission of diseases such as dengue fever or Zika virus.
Another factor that has contributed to the increase in mosquito populations is climate change. Rising temperatures and increased precipitation mean mosquitoes find ideal conditions to breed and develop. A study by the Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research showed that rising temperatures in Europe are causing mosquito populations to develop earlier in the year and also remain active longer.
Humans also contribute to increased mosquito populations. The increase in standing water such as rain barrels, garden ponds, and even construction sites provides mosquitoes with ideal breeding habitat. In addition, light sources and artificial water bodies in cities promote the presence of mosquitoes.
What can we do against the increased number of mosquitoes?
To reduce the number of mosquitoes in Germany, stagnant water in the garden should be avoided or cleaned regularly. Removing objects where water can collect, such as plastic cups or old tires, can also help reduce mosquitoes.
Mosquito traps or special sprays can help reduce the mosquito population to a limited extent. However, it is important to use environmentally friendly products when doing so and to follow the instructions on the packaging carefully.
Effective protection against mosquito bites is also provided by installing fly screens on windows and doors. This can prevent mosquitoes from entering the home and causing a disturbance.
Overall, it is important to be vigilant and take preventive measures to reduce the increase in the mosquito population in Germany and protect yourself from mosquito bites.